Nita Lewis Shattuck (formerly Miller)
Department of Operations Research
Naval Postgraduate School

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Prof. Shattuck

Operations Research Department
Naval Postgraduate School
Monterey, California 93943

Office: Glasgow Hall 225
(831) 656-2281
DSN: 756-2281
Fax: (831) 656-2595
Email: nlshattu@nps.edu

Prof. Shattuck at Google Scholar

Visit the Crew Endurance web site!

Our Vision

To enable individuals and their commands to design their daily work and rest schedules to achieve better crew endurance, healthier quality of life, and optimal combat effectiveness.

Our Goals

To highlight the benefits of establishing a watch schedule based on circadian rhythms that improves the work/rest patterns of Sailors, thereby increasing the endurance and readiness onboard Navy ships with minimal cost and disruption to a command.

To provide a central resource for Commanders and their staff to identify and implement policies, procedures, and watch rotations proven to reduce fatigue levels.

 

Nita Lewis Shattuck (formerly Miller)

Associate Professor of Operations Research
Ph.D., University of Texas, 1982

Nita Shattuck (formerly Miller) is an Associate Professor at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) in Monterey, California. She holds faculty appointments in the Operations Research and Systems Engineering Departments and the MOVES Institute. Dr. Shattuck teaches courses in human factors engineering and human systems integration, directs thesis research, and pursues her research interests in human fatigue in operational settings, individual and team performance, decision-making, and military command and control. She founded the Human Systems Integration Program at NPS in 2003, serving as the Program Director until 2008. She has developed and taught multiple distance and resident courses and has helped design a Distance Learning HSI Masters degree.

In her work with the military, Dr. Shattuck has studied the effects of fatigue, sleep deprivation, thermal stress, and acceleration (+Gz-induced LOC and motion) in various operational and laboratory environments. She has studied work and rest patterns of US Navy Sailors on over a dozen ships; conducted a 4-year longitudinal study of sleep and performance of Cadets at the US Military Academy, West Point, NY; assessed sleep and academic performance of US Navy Recruits at the Recruit Training Command, Great Lakes, IL; and studied the effects of delayed bedtime and wakeup times on performance of US Army Basic Combat Trainees at FT Leonard Wood, MO. In studies of US Marines at Camp Pendleton, CA, Dr. Shattuck examined the effects of waterborne motion exposure to cognitive and physical performance in Marines and was co-investigator of a study of egress times from amphibious vehicles. She has served as Principal Investigator on numerous other operational field studies including sleep and psychomotor performance of crewmembers on the USS Independence (LCS 2) Rough Water Trials. She served as advisor to the President's Emergency Operations Center of the White House, documenting improvements in sleep and morale following adoption of a novel watchbill. Most recently, Dr. Shattuck led a team to study work and rest patterns of members of the Reactor Department of the USS NIMITZ (CVN 68), focusing on their performance using different watchbills. Current research projects include the assessment of work and rest patterns of Marine Corps Embassy Security Guards, a multi-ship trial to compare resilience and Sailor performance while working different watchbills, and an assessment of the magnitude of unaccounted US Navy shipboard requirements.

Dr. Shattuck has published widely and is the recipient of the 2013 Surface Navy Association Literary Award, the 2007 'Jimmie' Hamilton Award from the American Society of Naval Engineers (ASNE) for Best Paper, the Roland Calori Award for Best Paper for 2006-2007 in Organizational Studies journal and the 2006 Gary F. Wheatley Award for Best Paper from the International Command and Control Research and Technology. She received her Ph.D. in Behavioral Sciences from the University of Texas School of Public Health.

Teaching and Research Interests

  • Fatigue and Circadian Rhythms
  • Human Systems Integration
  • Human Performance (Individual and Team)
  • Situation Awareness, Situated Cognition
  • Decision Making and Mental Workload
  • Human-centered Design

PROFESSIONAL HISTORY

Prof. Shattuck at Google Scholar

Education

National Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow, United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, 1983-1985

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), Behavioral Science, The University of Texas, School of Public Health, Houston, TX, 1982; Chairman: George Kerr, M.D. Dissertation research funded by The Ford Foundation. Title: Lewis, N.L., "Arousal, Fatigue, and Mental Performance: The Effects of Fasting on Cognition", The University of Texas, School of Public Health, Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, 1982. Advisor: Ernesto Pollitt, Ph.D.

U.S. Public Health Service Trainee, The University of Texas, School of Public Health, 1978-1980

Master of Education (M.Ed.), Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX, 1977

Bachelor of Science (B.S.), Biology and English majors; Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX, 1975

WORK EXPERIENCE

May 2006 to present: Associate Professor, Naval Postgraduate School (NPS)

Director of the Human Systems Integration Laboratory (HSIL). Human Factors Option Advisor for the Operations Research curriculum. Course coordinator for OA3401, OA3402, and OA4401 and teach courses in human factors engineering, individual and team performance, and human systems integration. Supervise NPS student thesis projects. Served as Co-Director of the Human Systems Integration program. Joint faculty appointments in Systems Engineering and MOVES Institute. Advisor to the Chief of Naval Operations Strategic Studies Group for 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013. Member of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies Committee on Marine Safety and Human Factors (appointment 4-2011 to 4-2014).

2000--2005: Research Assistant Professor, Naval Postgraduate School (NPS)

Developed curriculum and course material for graduate courses in human factors and human systems integration. Supervised student thesis research. Director of the Human Systems Integration Laboratory (HSIL). Human Factors Option Advisor for the Operations Research curriculum. In 2003, founded the resident Masters Degree program in Human Systems Integration and served as Academic Associate for the Resident Masters Degree program in Human Systems Integration at NPS.

1995 to 1997: Principal Staff Member/Human Factors Scientist, Veda, Inc.

Principal investigator of US Navy project to evaluate in-flight fires and wiring discrepancies in the E-2C Hawkeye aircraft. Worked with Navy engineers and the SAS Institute to finalize recommendations based on reported failure rates. Study coordinator and human factors lead for F-14D Theater Ballistic Missile Boost Phase Intercept Project. Responsible for measuring aircrew mental workload and aircrew performance in flight and in human-in-the-loop simulations.

1987 to 1989:  Engineering Psychologist, Aircrew Systems Department, Systems Engineering Test Directorate, Naval Air Test Center, Patuxent River, MD

Developed techniques for in-flight physiological monitoring of aircrew. Designed study to assess the effect of thermal stress on +Gz tolerance. Consultant to the Israeli Air Force on +Gz-induced Loss of Consciousness (G-LOC) monitoring systems for in-flight applications.

1985 to 1987: Research Psychologist, Crew Technology Division, United States AirForce School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks AFB, TX

Principal investigator in studies of human performance during exposure to acceleration, hypoxia and spatial disorientation using electrophysiological measures (e.g., EEG, EOG, EMG) as indicators of state of consciousness. Directed contractual efforts to obtain centrifuge and in-flight recording and analysis capability of electrophysiological signals from aircrew. Measured human cognitive performance and electrophysiological changes during exposure to lower body negative pressure (ischemic hypoxia). Participated in fatigue countermeasures program that assessed EEG and performance changes associated with pharmacological sleep intervention (temazepam).

1983 to 1985: Postdoctoral Research Fellow, National Research Council, assigned to United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, Neurosciences Function, Clinical Sciences Division, Brooks AFB, TX

As a neuroscience research fellow and as part of the USAF Pilot Attributes Program, designed and implemented a study of visual target acquisition and tracking. Study included quantitative measures of human eye movements, including saccadic velocities. Analyzed data from manual tracking task collected in zero-G environment from astronauts during NASA Shuttle missions.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

Human systems integration (to include the domains of manpower, personnel, training, human factors, habitability, safety, survivability and occupational health)

Human performance (individual and team)

Fatigue, sleep, and circadian rhythms

Situation awareness and situated cognition

Decision making and mental workload

HONORS AND AWARDS

  • My research contributions were recognized by ADM John Richardson as Chief of Naval Operations during his NPS Summer 2016 Graduation Commencement address.
  • Recipient of the 2013 Surface Navy Association Literary Award, which recognizes the best professional article in any publication addressing Surface Navy or Surface Warfare issues
  • Recipient of the 2007 'Jimmie' Hamilton Award from the American Society of Naval Engineers (ASNE) for Best Paper for 2007
  • Recipient of the Roland Calori Award for Best Paper for the years 2006-2007 in the Organizational Studies Journal
  • Recipient of the 2006 Gary F. Wheatley Award for Best Paper from the International Command and Control Research and Technology 
  • Interviewed and quoted multiple times by various news outlets (e.g., Navy Times Huffington Post) for various articles on alternative watchbills for US Navy Sailors.
  • Outstanding Civilian Performance Award , U.S. Air Force, 1987.
  • National Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow, 1983-1985.
  • Vice President, Board of Directors, Houston Area Women's Center, Inc., 1978-1979.
  • U.S. Public Health Service Trainee, The University of Texas , School of Public Health, 1978-1980.
  • Outstanding Student Award, Stephen F. Austin State University, 1976-1977.
  • Lovenia Perry Scholarship, Stephen F. Austin State University, 1975-1976.

PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Aerospace Medical Association
American Society of Naval Engineers
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Department of Defense Human Factors Engineering Technical Advisory Group

PUBLICATIONS

Chapters in Books

Drillings, M., Knapp, B., and Shattuck, N.L., (2015). "Human Systems Integration in the military," in D. Boehm-Davis, Durso, Lee, (Eds) The APA Handbook of Human Systems Integration. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 37-52.

Miller, N.L., Matsangas, P. and Kenney, A. (2012). "The role of sleep in the military: Implications for training and operational effectiveness," in M. Matthews and J. Laurence (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Military Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press. 262-281.

Miller, N.L., Matsangas, P. and Shattuck, L.G. (2007). "Fatigue and its effect on performance in military environments," in P.A. Hancock and J.L. Szalma (Eds.), Performance Under Stress. Mahwah, NJ: Ashgate Publications. 231-250.

Miller, N.L., Crowson, J.J., and Narkevicius, J.M. (2003). "Human characteristics and measures in systems design," in H.R. Booher (Ed.), Handbook of Human Systems Integration. New York: John Wiley and Sons. 699-742.

Refereed Journal Papers

Matsangas, P. and Shattuck, N.L. (2016). Differentiating between fatigue and sleepiness in the naval operational environment. Behavioral Sleep Medicine http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15402002.2016.1228645.

Shattuck, N.L., Matsangas, P., Moore, J., and Wegemann, L. (2016). Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms, excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue in the crewmembers of a U.S. Navy ship. Military Medicine, 181(7), 655-62.

Skornyakov, E., Shattuck, N.L., Winser, M.A., Matsangas, P., Sparrow, A.R., Layton, M.E., Gabehart, R.J., Van Dongen, H.P.A. (2015). "Sleep and performance in simulated Navy watch schedules," Accident Analysis & Prevention. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2015.11.021.

Shattuck, N.L. and Matsangas, P. (2015). "Operational assessment of the 5-h on/10-h off watchstanding schedule on a US Navy ship: Sleep patterns, mood, and psychomotor vigilance performance of crewmembers in the nuclear reactor department," Ergonomics. doi: 10.1080/00140139.2015.1073794.

Shattuck, N.L. and Matsangas, P. (2015). "Operational assessment of the 5-h on/10-h off watchstanding schedule on a US Navy ship: Sleep patterns, mood, and psychomotor vigilance performance of crewmembers in the nuclear reactor department," Ergonomics. doi: 10.1080/00140139.2015.1073794.

Mysliwiec, V., Matsangas, P., Baxter, T. and Shattuck, N.L. (2015). "An unusual circadian rhythm in an active duty service member,"  Sleep and Biological Rhythms, 14(1), 113-115.

Matsangas, P., Shattuck, N.L. and McCauley, M.E. (2015). "Sleep duration in rough sea conditions." Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance, 86(10), 901-906.

Shattuck, N.L., Matsangas, P., Eriksen, E. and Kulubis, S. (2015). "Comparison of two watch schedules for personnel at the White House Military Office President's Emergency Operations Center," Human Factors, 57(5): 864-878.

Shattuck, N.L., and Matsangas, P. (2015). "A 6-month assessment of sleep during naval deployment: A case study of a Commanding Officer," Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance. 86(5): 481-485.

Shattuck, N.L., and Matsangas, P. (2015). "Psychomotor vigilance performance predicted by Epworth Sleepiness Scale scores in an operational setting with the United States Navy," Journal of Sleep Research, 24(2): 174-180.

Cordle, J. and Shattuck, N.L. (2013). "A sea change in standing watch," United States Naval Institute Proceedings, 139(1): 34-39.

Shattuck NL; Brown SAT. (2013). "Wounded in action: what the sleep community can learn from sleep disorders of US military service members," SLEEP 36(2):159–160.

Miller, N.L., Shattuck, L.G., and Tvaryanas, A.P., (2012). "Accommodating adolescent sleep-wake patterns: The effects of shifting the timing of sleep on training effectiveness," SLEEP 35(8):1123-1136.

Miller N.L., Shattuck, L.G., and Matsangas, P. (2011). "Sleep and fatigue issues in continuous operations: A survey of US Army officers," Behavioral Sleep Medicine: 9(1):53-65.

Miller N.L., Shattuck, L.G. Matsangas, P. (2010). "Longitudinal study of sleep patterns of United States Military Academy cadets," SLEEP: 33(12):1623-1631.

Tvaryanas, A.P., Brown, L., and Miller, N.L. (2009). "Managing the human weapon system: A vision for an Air Force human-performance doctrine," Air & Space Power Journal, 23(2): 34-41.

Miller, N.L., Shattuck, L.G., Matsagas, P. and Dyche, J. (2008). "Sleep and academic performance in U.S. military training and education programs." International Mind, Brain and Education Society. 2(1): 29-33.

Miller, N.L. and Firehammer, R. (2007). "Avoiding a second hollow force: The case for including crew endurance factors in the afloat staffing policies of the U.S. Navy," Naval Engineers Journal. 119(1): 83-96.

Shattuck, L.G. and Miller, N.L. (2006). "Naturalistic decision making in complex systems: A dynamic model of situated cognition combining technological and human agents," Organizational Behavior: Special Issue on Naturalistic Decision Making in Organizations. 27(7): 989-1009.

Miller, N.L. and Shattuck, L.G. (2005). "Sleep patterns of young men and women enrolled at the United States Military Academy: Results from year one of a four-year longitudinal study," SLEEP. 28(7): 837-841.

Pollitt, E. and Lewis, N.L., (1980). "Nutrition and educational achievement: I. Malnutrition and behavioral test indicators," Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 2(3):32-35.

Pollitt, E. and Lewis, N.L., (1980). "Nutrition and educational achievement:  II. Correlations between nutritional and behavioral test indicators within populations where malnutrition is not a major public health problem," Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 2(3):33-37.

Refereed Conference Papers

Shattuck, N.L., Shattuck, L.G. & Matsangas, P. (2016). Combat effectiveness and sleep patterns in US Marines. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) 60th Annual Meeting. Washington, D.C.

Shattuck, N.L & Matsangas, P. (2016). Comparison of the 3/9 and 6/6 watchstanding schedules for crewmembers of a US Navy destroyer. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) 60th Annual Meeting. Washington, D.C.

Shattuck, N.L & Matsangas, P. (2015). Caffeinated beverage consumption rates and reported sleep in a U.S. Navy ship. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) 59th Annual Meeting. Los Angeles, CA.

Matsangas, P. & Shattuck, N.L (2015). The effect of ship department on crew sleep patterns and psychomotor vigilance performance. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) 59th Annual Meeting. Los Angeles, CA.

Brown, S., Matsangas, P. & Shattuck, N.L. (2015). Improved sleep hygiene and psychomotor vigilance performance following crew shift to a circadian-based watch schedule. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) 59th Annual Meeting. Los Angeles, CA. October, 2015.

Shattuck, N.L, Matsangas, P. and Waggoner L. (2014).  Assessment of a novel watchstanding schedule on an operational US Navy vessel. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) 58th Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL.

Shattuck, N.L., Shattuck, L.G., Smith, C.S., and Matsangas, P.M. (2013). "Changes in reaction times and executive decision-making following exposure to waterborne motion," Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) 57th Annual Meeting. San Diego, CA.

Shattuck, N.L.  (2011). "Human systems integration tradeoff analyses: Lessons learned in support of Naval surface acquisitions," Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) 55th Annual Meeting. Las Vegas, NV.

Miller, G.A., Miller, N.L., and Shattuck, L.G. (2007). "Red force interaction in situated cognition," Proceedings of the 2007 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium. Newport, RI, June 2007.

Shattuck, L.G., Miller, N.L., and Miller, G.A. (2007). "Using the dynamic model of situated cognition to assess network centric warfare in field settings," Proceedings of the 2007 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium. Newport, RI. 

Miller, N.L. and Firehammer, R. (2007). "Avoiding a second hollow force: The case for including crew endurance factors in the afloat staffing policies of the U.S. Navy," Proceedings of the 2007 Human Systems Integrations Symposium. Annapolis, MD.     

Solberg, B.J., Miller, N.L. and Corriere, M.A. (2007). "Sleep patterns of Naval aviation personnel conducting mine hunting operations," Proceedings of the 2007 Human Systems Integrations Symposium. Annapolis, MD.                                            

Miller, N.L. and Shattuck, L.G. (2006). "A dynamic process model for the design and assessment of network systems," Proceedings of the 2006 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium. San Diego, CA. 

Miller, N.L. and Shattuck, L.G. (2005). Applying a dynamic model of situated cognition to the investigation of mishaps," Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society's 49th Annual Meeting. Orlando, Florida.

Miller, N.L., Shobe. K., and Shattuck, L.G. (2005). "Extending the model of situated cognition to submarine command and control," Proceedings of the 2005 Human Systems Integrations Symposium. Arlington, VA.          

Miller, N.L. and Shattuck, L.G. (2004). "Sleep patterns and the impact on performance: A study of men and women enrolled at the United States Military Academy," Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society's 48th Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA.

Shattuck, L.G. and Miller, N.L. (2004). "A process tracing approach to the investigation of situated cognition," Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society's 48th Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA.

Miller, N.L. and Shattuck, L.G. (2004). "A process model of situated cognition in military command and control," Proceedings of the 2004 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium. San Diego, CA.

Miller, N.L., and Nguyen, J.L. (2003). "Working the nightshift on the USS STENNIS: Implications for enhancing warfighter effectiveness," Proceedings of the Human Systems Integration Symposium.

Lewis, N.L., McGovern, J.B., Miller, J.C., Eddy, D.R., and Forster, E.M. (1987). "EEG indices of G-induced loss of consciousness," AGARD-NATO Proceedings. Trondheim, Norway.      

Invited Conference Papers

Alfred, P., Caldwell, L., Rice, V., Miller, N., Matsangas, P., Liebermann, H. & Wesensten, N. (2010). "Sleep across military environments," Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society's 54th Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA.

Miller, N.L. and Shattuck, L.G. (2005). "Extending the dynamic model of situated cognition to network centric systems," Network Centric Defense Conference 2005: A Challenge for the Hellenic Armed Forces in the 21st Century. Athens, Greece. 

Vroulis, G., Smith, R., Largen, J., Loring, D., Wolff, J., and Lewis, N.L., (1982). "Plasma cholinesterase and neuropsychological correlates in dementia of the Alzheimer's type," Proceedings of the International Neuropsychological Society Meeting. Pittsburgh, PA.

Refereed Conference and Symposia Presentations

Matsangas, P. and Shattuck, N.L. (2016). "Sleep quality in crewmembers of US Navy ships while underway," Sleep, 39(Abstract Supplement), A98-A99.

Shattuck, N.L., Matsangas, P., Saitzyk, A. and Aldridge, E. (2016). "Reported sleep problems and practices in active duty military members during deployment," Sleep, 39(Abstract Supplement), A71-A72.

Brown, S. Matsangas, P. and Shattuck N.L. (2015). "Is a Sailor's life for you? Aches and pains of U.S. Navy Sailors," Sleep, 38(Abstract Supplement), A89.
Shattuck N.L. and Matsangas P. (2015). "A comparison of sleep and performance of U.S. Navy Sailors on four different shiftwork schedules," Sleep, 38(Abstract Supplement), A130.

Skornyakov, E. Shattuck, N.L., Winser, M.A., Matsangas, P., Sparrow, A.R., Layton, M.E. and Van Dongen, H.P.A. (2015). "Heart rate variability measures of watchstanding in simulated Naval watch schedules," Sleep, 38(Abstract Supplement), A65.

Gabehart, R. J., Skornyakov, E., Shattuck, N. L., Sparrow, A. R., Matsangas, P., Riedy, S., and Van Dongen, H. P. A. (2015)." Sleep duration in two different Navy watchstanding schedules," Sleep, 38(Abstract Supplement), A87.

Shattuck, N.L. and Matsangas, P. (2015). "Comparison of the 3/9 and 6/6 watchstanding schedules for crewmembers of a US Navy destroyer," Proceedings of the 6th Annual Applied Human Factors Society, Las Vegas, NV.

Shattuck N.L., Waggoner L.B., Young R.L., Smith C.S. and Matsangas P. (2014). "Shiftwork practices in the United States Navy: A study of sleep and performance in watchstanders aboard the USS Jason Dunham," Sleep, 37(Abstract Supplement), A78.

Matsangas, P. and Miller, N.L. (2006). "The effects of ship motion on the sleeping patterns of crewmembers aboard a high speed Naval vessel," Sleep, 29(Abstract Supplement), A126.

Miller, N.L., Shattuck, L.G. and Smith, D.R. (2006). "Sleep patterns of Cadets at the United States Military Academy: Interim findings of a four-year longitudinal study," Proceedings of the 20th Annual Association of Professional Sleep Societies, Salt Lake City, UT, June 2006.

Matsangas, P. and Miller, N.L. (2006). "The effects of ship motion on the sleeping patterns of crewmembers aboard a high speed Naval vessel," Proceedings of the 20th Annual Association of Professional Sleep Societies, Salt Lake City, UT.

Martinez, S.G., Matthews, M.D. and Miller, N.L. (2005). "The effects of sleep deprivation on objective and subjective measures of cognitive performance: A pilot study," Proceedings of the American Psychological Association Division 19/21 Midyear Symposium.

Miller, N.L., Dyche J., Andrews C. and Lucas, T., (2004). "Navy boot camp: Test score changes after two-hour increase in sleep time," Proceedings of the 18th Annual Association of Professional Sleep Societies, Philadelphia, PA.

Miller, N.L., Shattuck, L.G., Clark, J., Miller, D.B. and Neverosky, D., (2004). "Sleep patterns of incoming cadets at the United States Military Academy," Proceedings of the 18th Annual Association of Professional Sleep Societies. Philadelphia, PA.

Miller, N.L. and Dyche, J., (2004). "Behavioral changes at Navy boot camp after two-hour increase in sleep time," Proceedings of the American Psychological Association Division 19/21 Midyear Symposium. Philadelphia, PA.

Miller, N.L., Nguyen, J.L., Sanchez, S., and Miller, J.C. (2003).  "Sleep patterns and fatigue among U.S. Navy Sailors: Working the night shift during combat operations aboard the USS STENNIS during Operation Enduring Freedom,"Proceedings of the 2003 Aerospace Medical Association. San Antonio, TX.

Miller, N.L., Baldus, B.R., Coard, H.F., Sanchez, S., and Redmond, D.R. (2003). "Timing of the major sleep period as a fatigue countermeasure in U.S. Navy recruits," Proceedings of the 2003 Aerospace Medical Association. San Antonio, TX.

Miller, N.L. and Crowson, J.J., (2003). "Analysis of sailor fatigue and sleep patterns on the HSV joint venture," Proceedings of the 6th Annual Systems Engineering Conference. National Defense Industrial Association. SanDiego, CA.

Miller, N.L., Narkevicius, J.M. and Shattuck, L.G. (2003). "Human Behavior 101: Theories and models," Proceedings of the 2003 MORS Conference: How Cognitive and Behavioral Factors Influence Command and Control. Alexandria, VA.

Coard, H.F., Dyche, J., Carr, W., and Miller, N.L. (2002). "Sleep changes for basic military training in the Navy," Proceedings of the 2002 Recruit and Trainee Healthcare Symposium. Baltimore, MD.

Ruth, J. and Miller, N.L. (1996). "Boost phase intercept of theater ballistic missiles using F-14D," Proceedings of the 1996 U.S. Naval Test Pilot School Symposium.

Lewis, N.L. (1988). "The EEG as an indicator of G-induced loss of consciousness (GLOC)," Proceedings of the 1988 Aerospace Medical Association.

Glaister, D.H. and Lewis, N.L. (1988).  "Effect of lower body negative pressure cerebral tissue oxygen status in man," Proceedings of the Aerospace Medical Association.

Tripp, L.D., Albery, W.B., and Lewis, N.L. (1988). "Development of a reliable, non-intrusive, G-induced loss of consciousness monitoring device," Proceedings of the Aerospace Medical Association.

Lewis, N.L. and Saltzberg, B. (1987). "The EEG as an index of consciousness in high-G environments," Proceedings of the Aerospace Medical Association. May 1987.

(Additional presentations)

Refereed Technical Reports

Gillingham, K.K., Plentzas, S., and Lewis, N.L., "G environments of F4, F-5, F-15, and F-16 aircraft during F-15 tactics development and evaluation," USAFSAM-TR 85-51. July 1985.

Non-Refereed Technical Reports

Shattuck, N.L. and Matsangas, P. (2015). "Optimization of shipboard manning levels using IMPRINT Pro Forces module," (Technical Report No. NPS-OR-15-008). Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.

Shattuck, N.L., Matsangas, P. and Brown, S. (2015). "A comparison between the 5hrs-on/10hrs-off and 3hrs-on/9hrs-off watch standing schedules," (Technical Report No. NPS-OR-15-006). Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.

Shattuck, N.L., Matsangas, P., Moore, J. and Wegemann, L. (2015). "Prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness, fatigue and musculoskeletal symptoms in the crew of a US Navy ship," (Technical Report No. NPS-OR-15-005). Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.

Shattuck, N.L., Matsangas, P., and Powley, E.H. (2015). "Sleep patterns, mood, psychomotor vigilance performance, and command resilience of watchstanders on the 'Five and Dime' watchbill," (Technical Report No. NPS-OR-15-003). Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.

Shattuck, N.L. and Matsangas, P. (2014). "Work and rest patterns and psychomotor vigilance performance of crewmembers of the USS Jason Dunham: a comparison of the 3/9 and 6/6 watchstanding schedule," (Technical Report  No. NPS-OR-14-004). Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.

Miller, N.L., Shattuck, L.G., Tvaryanas, A.P., Matsangas, P. (2010). "Effects of sleep on training effectiveness in soldiers at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri," (Technical Report No. NPS-OR-10-011). Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.

Tvaryanas, A.P. and Shattuck, N.L. (2010). "Human systems integration domain trade-offs in optimized manning: The task effectiveness scheduling tool," (Technical Report No. NPS-OR-10-006. Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.

Tvaryanas, AP, Colebank, J., Platte, W., Swigart, C., and Miller, N.L. (2008). "A resurvey of shift work related fatigue in MQ-1 Predator unmanned aircraft system crewmembers," (Technical Report No. NPS-OR-008-01). Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.

Miller, N.L. and Matsangas, P. (2007). "Fatigue in military operational environments: an annotated bibliography," (Technical Report No. NPA-OR-07-001). Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.

OUTREACH

Submarine boss urges better crew rest in the fleet

The fleet's top submariner said getting sub crews the sleep they need is a necessary culture change inside a force that has long viewed sleep as a luxury.

This 'life-changing' shift has made submariners much happier

The 18-hour day is dead and gone in the submarine force, and junior officers who were on the front lines for the change say the change has been a revolution for morale and alertness throughout the force. 

For Our Troops, Post-Traumatic Sleep Disorders are the New PTSD

Sleep deprivation during military deployment is archaic, harmful and institutionally unavoidable. It may aggravate, and even cause, PTSD in veterans returning from combat. 

Sailor-Optimized Watch Schedules Continue to Gain Traction

Department of Operations Research Associate Professor Nita Shattuck has led a long line of NPS students on a mission to improve the lives of their fellow service members around the world. For more than 15 years, she has devoted herself to a singular task … ensuring service members get enough rest to perform their best.

NPR News: What the U.S. Navy's Schedule Change Means If You Work Late Hours

Dr. Shattuck is interviewed on her work in support of recent changes to U.S. Navy sleep schedules.

Dr. Shattuck Interviewed by PilotOnline

"It's about performance. It's about building crew endurance and making them stronger," Shattuck says about altering sleep schedules to accommodate circadian rhythms.

Dr. Shattuck Interviewed at Navy Times

The submarine force has long resisted 24-hour watchbills during deployments, but the skipper of the first sub to test them said they yielded better sleep and more alert watchstanders than the standard 18-hour rotation.

NPS Professor Dr. Nita Shattuck Honored With Surface Navy Association's Literary Award

Dr. Nita Shattuck's work was recently published by the U.S. Naval Institute.  Her article, "A Sea Change in Standing Watch," co-authored by retired Capt. John Cordle was awarded the 2013 Literary Award at the Surface Navy Association's Annual Symposium in Springfield, VA, Jan. 15.  

Sleep for the Night Shift

By Sam Fellman, Navy Times, October 28, 2013
As ships continue to experiment with watchbills that improve sailors' sleep, one of the Navy's foremost performance experts is warning about a new front in the Navy's fight against fatigue: shift work.

NPS Concludes Sleep Study aboard Jason Dunham
By Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Deven King, USS Jason Dunham Public Affairs
USS JASON DUNHAM, At Sea (NNS) -- Sailors aboard guided-missile destroyer USS Jason Dunham (DDG 109) concluded their participation in a two-week sleep study, Dec. 17.

The study was conducted by personnel from the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) who came aboard Jason Dunham to interview crewmembers about their watch rotations and monitor their sleep patterns, activity periods and reaction times.

Dr. Nita Shattuck, an associate professor with the NPS Operations Research Department, said Jason Dunham's crew were the perfect candidates for the study.
 
3 hours on, 9 hours off: A better watchbill

By Gidget Fuentes and Tony Lombardo - Staff Writers | Posted Monday July 2
Sailors in the Navy's surface fleet are spending 80-plus hours a week on the job, according to researchers, and it's taking a severe toll. A sailor at sea is already forced to balance multiple job-related tasks, and when you factor in exercise, meals and any career-advancing projects you've got going, there's little time for shut-eye.

The problem can have far-reaching consequences, with a bleary-eyed sailor not only posing a threat to himself, but the entire ship and the mission.

This article first appeared in the Navy Times.

 

SELECTED PRESENTATIONS

 

Shattuck, N.L, Shattuck, L.G. & Matsangas, P. (2016). Combat Effectiveness and Sleep Patterns in US Marines. Presented at Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C.

Shattuck, N.L & Matsangas, P. (2016). Comparison of the 3/9 and 6/6 Watchstanding Schedules for Crewmembers of a U.S. Navy destroyer. Presented at the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C.

Shattuck, N.L. and Matsangas, P. (2015). Comparison of the 3/9 and 6/6 watchstanding schedules for crewmembers of a U.S. Navy destroyer. Presented at Sixth Annual International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics.

Brown, S. Matsangas, P. and Shattuck N.L. (2015). Is A Sailor's Life For You? Aches and pains of U.S. Navy Sailors. Presented at the 29th Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

Shattuck N.L. and Matsangas P. (2015). A Comparison Of Sleep And Performance Of U.S. Navy Sailors On Four Different Shiftwork Schedules. Presented at the 29th Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

Shattuck N.L. and Matsangas P. (2015). Sleep and Performance in Operational Maritime Environments: What We Know About Working Conditions at Sea. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, Las Vegas, NV.

Matsangas, P., Shattuck, N.L. and McCauley, M.E. (2015, February). Sleep in motion conditions: The sine qua non step for the next generation of sleep models predicting performance at sea. Presented at the Fatigue Modeling for Complex Environments Workshop, Oklahoma City, OK.

Shattuck N.L. and Matsangas P. (2015, February). Challenges and limitations of sleep and performance data collected in operational environments: Implications for improving fatigue models. Presented at the Fatigue Modeling for Complex Environments Workshop, Oklahoma City, OK.

Shattuck N.L., Waggoner L.B., Young R.L., Smith C.S. and Matsangas P. (2014). Shiftwork practices in the United States Navy: A study of sleep and performance in watchstanders aboard the USS Jason Dunham. Sleep, 37(Abstract Supplement), A78.

Shattuck, N.L., Shattuck L.G., and Tvaryanas, A.P. "Tradeoffs in Human Systems Integration" Military Operations Research Society Symposium 2011, Barchi Award Nominee.

Miller, N.L., & Shattuck, L.G., "Human Systems Integration at the Naval Postgraduate School," A presentation given a delegation of distinguished visitors from Singapore, at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, December 2008.

Miller, N.L., & Shattuck, L.G., "Human Systems Integration at the Naval Postgraduate School," A presentation given to RDML Prindle, N-81, at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, November 2008.

Shattuck, L.G. & Miller, N.L., "Human Systems Integration at the Naval Postgraduate School," NAVMAC, Millington, TN, October 2008.

Miller, N.L. & Shattuck, L.G., "Sleep Patterns and Performance: Results from a Four Year Longitudinal Study of the Cadet Class of 2007 at the United States Military Academy," Brown University, Providence, RI, September 2008.

Shattuck, L.G. & Miller, N.L., "Human Systems Integration: Certificate Program Development and Trade Space Analysis," 711th Human Performance Wing, Brooks City Base, San Antonio, TX, September 2008.

Shattuck, L.G. & Miller, N.L., "Sleep Patterns and Performance: Results from a Four Year Longitudinal Study of the Cadet Class of 2007 at the United States Military Academy," U.S. Military Academy, West Point, NY, September 2008.

Miller, N.L. & Shattuck, L.G., "The Human Systems Integration Laboratory: Facilities, Capabilities, and Recent Activities," A presentation given to Mr. Michael Bauman, SES, Director, TRADOC Analysis Center, at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, April 2008.

Shattuck, L.G. & Miller, N.L., "Human Systems Integration at the Naval Postgraduate School," A presentation given to the Board of Advisors, at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, April 2008.

Miller, N.L. & Shattuck, L.G., "The Dynamic Model of Situated Cognition," New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, January 2008.

Shattuck, L.G. & Miller, N.L., "HSI Curriculum Review," A presentation given to Mr. Scott W. Lutterloh, Assistant Director for Requirements Integration (N12F), at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, January 2008.

Miller, N.L. and Firehammer, R. "Avoiding a Second Hollow Force: The Case for Including Crew Endurance Factors in the Afloat Staffing Policies of the U.S. Navy", Proceedings of the 2007 Human Systems Integrations Symposium, Annapolis, MD. March 2007.

Solberg, B.J., Miller, N.L. and Corriere, M.A. "Sleep Patterns of Naval Aviation Personnel Conducting Mine Hunting Operations",  Proceedings of the 2007 Human Systems Integrations Symposium, Annapolis, MD. March 2007.

Miller, N.L. and Shattuck, L.G. "Dynamic interplay between technology and humans: How do we know what we know? A model and a methodology for the systematic examination of unmanned systems", 74th Annual Military Operations Research Society Symposium (MORSS) Unmanned Systems Working Group, Colorado Springs, CO, June 2006.

Miller, N.L.and Shattuck, L.G. "Extending the Dynamic Model of Situated Cognition to Network Centric Systems", Network Centric Defence Conference 2005: A Challenge for the Hellenic Armed Forces in the 21st Century, Athens, Greece, 2005.

Martinez , S.G., Matthews, M.D. and Miller, N.L."The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Objective and Subjective Measures of Cognitive Performance: A Pilot Study", Proceedings of the American Psychological Association Division 19/21 Midyear Symposium 2005.

Barton, L.A. and Miller, N.L. "Advanced Education in Human Systems Integration: Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA", Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, Denver, CO, November 2004.

Miller, N.L. and Dyche, J., "Behavioral Changes at Navy Boot Camp After Two Hour Increase in Sleep Time," Proceedings of the American Psychological Association Division 19/21 Midyear Symposium, 2004.

Miller, N.L., "Fatigue and Sleep Issues for Military Operations," Presentation to Brown University, May 2003.

Miller, N.L.and Crowson, J.J., "Analysis of Sailor Fatigue and Sleep Patterns on the HSV Joint Venture," Proceedings of the 6th Annual System Engineering Conference, 20-23 October 2003 National Defense Industrial Association, San Diego, CA., 2003.

Miller, N.L., Narkevicius, J.M. and Shattuck, L.G., "Human Behavior 101: Theories and Models," Proceedings of the MORS Conference: How Cognitive and Behavioral Factors Influence Command and Control. Alexandria, VA, October 2003.

Coard, H.F., Dyche, J., Carr, W., and Miller, N.L., "Sleep Changes for Basic Military Training in the Navy", Recruit and Trainee Healthcare Symposium, Baltimore, MD, 2002.

RESEARCH

Analysis of Circadian Watch Schedules
Sponsor: AMD-NMRC (FY16, RNKN2)
This multi-year project continues to assess alternative watchstanding schedules to determine their effect on Sailor performance, reduced manning and the potential impact on operational readiness throughout the Navy.

Wrist-worn Psychomotor Vigilance Testing
Sponsor: AMD-NMRC (RNJJ0, RNKN5)
This multi-year project continues to assess the accuracy of the 3-minute wrist-worn Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT) device, comparing it with the standard computer-based PVT test.  In addition, we are assessing various potential confounds with the device, specifically, the effect of the backlight feature on performance, the question of ambient light, and any learning effect associated with the test.

Use of Hypnotic and Alertness Medications in Military Populations
Sponsor: NASA Human Research Program (FY16-FY17, RNKBM)
To conduct a thorough review of research related to hypnotic and alertness medications, based on operation and research needs as defined by NASA. Conduct an operational assessment, which consists of interviewing various experts in the field of human spaceflight, sleep, and other related topics.

Work and Rest Patterns in Marine Corps Embassy Security Guards
Sponsor: Marine Corps Embassy Security Guard Program (FY16, RNKNE)
Assess the performance and alertness levels of Marines while stationed at Embassy/Consulate security posts.

Work and Rest Patterns in Marine Corps Embassy Security Guards
Sponsor: Marine Corps Embassy Security Guard Program (FY15, RNJ75)
Assess the performance and alertness levels of Marines while stationed at Embassy/Consulate security posts.

Work and Rest Patterns in Marine Corps Embassy Security Guard Program: Promoting Health and Wellness through Informed Work Schedules (FY14, RNHCX)
Sponsor: SPAWAR
Design an assessment of the performance and alertness levels of Marines while stationed at Embassy/Consulate security posts.

Data Collection with Actigraphy on LCS 2
Sponsor: NSWC-PANAMA (RNJJ1)
Analyzed actigraphy data from crewmembers on LCS 2

Work and Rest Patterns in Operational Environments: Preventing Stress-Related Injuries in the US Navy (August 2013)
Sponsor: OPNAV N135H (Behavioral Health Program Office)
Assess an alternative watchstanding schedule to determine its effects on reduced manning and its potential to impact operational readiness throughout the Navy.

Analysis of Alternative Watchstanding Studies (January 2013)
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research
To explore the impact of alternative watchstanding schedules and manning levels on Sailors' work/rest patterns, alertness levels, and training and qualification rates.

Performance Shaping Functions (PSF) for Environmental Stressors (December 2012)
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research
To collect data to support the development, improvement, and validation of models that represent the influence of environmental stressors on human performance.

Implementation of Alternative Watchbill
Sponsor: AMD-NMRC (RNH0U)
To evaluate the effectiveness of an alternative watchstanding schedule for the US Navy Surface Warfare community.

Implementation of an Alternative Watchstanding Schedule on USN Surface Combatants (March 2012)
Sponsor: Naval Medical Research Center, Advanced Medical Development Program
To evaluate the effectiveness of an alternative watchstanding schedule for the US Navy Surface Warfare community.

Habitability Assessment Training
Sponsor: Marine Corps (V6DC8)
Study the effects of waterborne motion on the actual combat performance of infantry embarked aboard amphibious vehicles. 

Habitability Assessment Testing
Sponsor: USMC Amphibious Vehicle Testing Branch (R6DC8)
Study the effects of waterborne motion on the actual combat performance of infantry embarked aboard amphibious vehicles.

DISSERTATIONS SUPERVISED

Matsangas, Panagiotis, The Effect of Mild Motion Sickness and Sopite Syndrome on Multitasking Cognitive Performance, PhD Dissertation, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2013. Committee Member: Nita Shattuck

TVARYANAS, ANTHONY P., Lt. Col., USAF, "A discourse in human systems integration," Doctor of Philosophy, September 2010, Dissertation Supervisor: Nita Lewis Shattuck.

THESES SUPERVISED

The following theses may be downloaded via their respective links; theses without links have restricted distribution.

Meredith, Ian, "The effect of shipboard manning levels on operational effectiveness—An LCS case study," Master's Thesis, Master of Science in Human Systems Integration, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2016.

Groot, Jessica, A validation of the proposed Royal Australian Navy Standard Work Week and Naval Management Diary using a simulated crew of an Armidale Class Patrol Boat, M.S. in Management, December 2015

Eriksen, Christoffer, On creativity: a case study of military innovation, M.S. in Human Systems Integration, September 2015.

Hollins, Renaldo N.; Leszczynski, Kelly M., "USN manpower determination decision making: a case study using imprint pro to validate the LCS core crew manning solution," Master's Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2014.

Ryan, Katrina J., Fatigue mitigation and crew endurance management in the Royal Australian Navy and the U.S. Navy: a review of recent efforts and a collaborative path forward, M. S. in Management, December 2014

Kerno, Kevin M., "An analysis of warfighter sleep, fatigue, and performance on the USS Nimitz," Master's Thesis, Master of Science in Operations Research, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2014.

Young, R., "A comparison of sleep and performance of sailors on an operationally deployed U.S. Navy warship," Master's Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2013.

Gelpi, C., "The Effects of Sleep on the Performance of Marines Following Exposure to Waterborne Motion," Master's Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2013.

Roberts, D.A., "Analysis of Alternative Watch Schedules for Shipboard Operations: A Guide for Commanders," Master's Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2012.

Brown, S.A.T., "Maritime Platform Sleep and Performance Study: Evaluating the SAFTE Model for Maritime Workplace Application," Master's Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2012.

Lee, B.M., "A Field Study of Performance Among Embarked Infantry Personnel Exposed to Waterborne Motion," Master's Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2012.

Yokeley, M.T., "Effects of Sleep Deprivation on U.S. Navy Surface Ship Watchstander Performance using Alternative Watch Schedules," Master's Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2012.

NIKITIN, SHELBY M., LT US NAVY, "Fatigue Effects on Optimal Manning: A Comparison of Ashore and Afloat Cognitive Performance and Sleep Quality," Master of Science in Operations Research, September 2011, Advisor: Nita Lewis Shattuck, Second Reader: Lyn R. Whitaker.

PUGH, ASHLEY J., Captain, USAF, "The Development of a United States Air Force Airman Capability Document: A Case Study Approach," Master of Science in Human Systems Integration, December 2010. Advisor: Nita L. Shattuck.

SHIRAISHI, JONATHAN K., LT, US NAVY, "An Imprint Analysis to Supplement the Investigation into the Grounding of a U.S. Navy Warship," Master of Science in Human SystemsIntegration, December 2010. Advisor: Nita L. Shattuck.

GREEN, KIM Y. LT, US NAVY, "A comparative analysis between the Navy Standard Workweek and the actual work/rest patterns of sailors aboard U.S. Navy frigates," MS in Human Systems Integration, December 2009, Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller, Second Reader: David L. Schiffman.

GROW, BRIAN and SULLIVAN, MATTHEW, LT US NAVY, "Assessing the effect of shipboard motion and sleep surface on sleep effectiveness," MS in Human Systems Integration, December 2009, Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller, Second Reader: Michael E. McCauley.

MASON, DEREK R., LT US NAVY, "A Comparative Analysis between the Navy Standard Work Week and the Work/Rest Patterns of Sailors Aboard US Navy Cruisers," MS in Human Systems Integration, December 2009, Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller, Second Reader: David L. Schiffman.

BESHANY, RYAN P. LT US NAVY, Analysis of Navy Flight Scheduling Methods Using FlyAwake, MS in Operations Research, 2009. Advisor: Nita L. Miller, Second Reader: Matthew G. Boensel.

HEISINGER, AARON E. Captain, USMC "Association between Driver-Reported Sleep and Predicted Levels of Effectiveness Based on the Fatigue Avoidance Scheduling Tool," MS in Operations Research, June 2009, Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller. Second Reader: Matthew G. Boensel.

MAYNARD, PAMELYN L., LT US NAVY, "Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron One (MAWTS-1):  Sleep, Fatigue, and Aviator Performance," MS in Human Systems Integration, December 2008. Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller; Second Reader: Susan M. Sanchez.

LAZZARETTI, PATRICK C., LT US NAVY, "HSI in the USN Frigate Community: Operational Readiness and Safety as a Function of Manning Levels," MS in Human Systems Integration, December 2008. Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller, Second Reader: Lawrence G. Shattuck.

DESMOND, MATTHEW S., CAPT., USMC, "Implementation of the Quantified Judgment Model to Examine the Impact of Human Factors on Marine Corps Distributed Operations", MS in Operations Research, September 2007, Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller, Second Reader: Lawrence Shattuck.

HAYNES, LEONARD E., LT US Navy, "A Comparison between the Navy Standard Workweek and the Actual Work and Rest Patterns of U.S. Navy Sailors", MS in Operations Research, September 2007, Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller, Second Reader: David L. Shiffman.

READ, DEREK W. CAPT. USAF, "The Abbot and Costello Effect: Who's on what, and what's Where When? A Human-Centered Method to Investigate Network Centric Warfare Systems", MS in Human Systems Integration, September 2007, Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller, Second Reader: Lawrence Shattuck.

ALFRED, PETRA, US Army Civilian "Applied Human Systems Integration: Developing a Methodology for the DOTMLPF Assessment of the Army's Land Warrior System", MS in HSI, September 2007. Thesis Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller.

GODFREY, ALISON, Major, United States Army Reserve, "Optimizing Daytime Short Sleep Episodes to Maximize Performance in a Stressful Environment", MS in Operations Research, September 2006, Advisor: Associate Professor Nita Lewis Miller, Ph.D., Second Reader: COL Lawrence Shattuck.

SOLBERG, BENNETT JON, Lieutenant Commander, US Navy, "Sleep patterns of naval aviation personnel conducting mine hunting operations," MS in Human Systems Integration, September 2006, Advisor: Associate Professor Nita Lewis Miller, Ph.D., Second Reader: Michael McCauley.

SIMPSON, MATTHEW A., Captain, US Air Force, "Toward an improved method of HSI evaluation in Defense Acquisition," MS in Human Systems Integration, December 2006. Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller, Ph.D.; Second Reader, Rene G. Rendon.

THOMAS, JEFFREY, Civilian, Department of the Army, "Evaluating the Claims of Network Centric Warfare", MS in Human Systems Integration, December 2005, Advisor: Research Assistant Nita Lewis Miller, Ph.D., Second Reader: Associate Professor Lyn Whitaker, Ph.D.

TAKAGI, KOICHI, Captain, United States Marine Corps, "Applied Warfighter Ergonomics: A Research Method for Evaluating Military Individual Equipment", MS in Operations Research, September 2005, Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller, Ph.D., Second Reader: Nick Dew, Ph.D.

ARCHIBALD, KEITH, Lieutenant, United States Navy, "Effects of Noise, Temperature, Humidity, Motion and Light on the Sleep Patterns of the Crew of the HSV-2 SWIFT", MS in Human Systems Integration, September 2005, Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller, Ph.D., Second Reader: Lyn R. Whitaker, Ph.D.

MILLER, DANIEL B., Lieutenant Colonel, US Army, "Sleep and predicted cognitive performance of new Cadets during Cadet Basic Training at the United States Military Academy", MS in Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation, September 2005. Advisor: Nita Lewis Miller, Ph.D.; Second Reader: Jeffrey Crowson, Ph.D.

PEARSON, KRISTEN, Civilian, USAF Edwards AFB, CA "Circadian Rhythms, Fatigue, and Manpower Scheduling", MS in Operations Research, December 2004, Advisor: Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller, Second Reader: LCDR Laura A. Barton.

MILES, TRICA M., Captain , US Army, "Validation of Two Metrics for Determining Mental Workload in Laboratory and Field Settings" MS in Operations Research, December 2004, Advisor: Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller, Second Reader: Robert Koyak.

ANDREWS, CHARLES H., LCDR US Navy, "The Relationship Between Sleep Regimen and Performance in United States Navy Recruits" MS in Operations Research, September 2004, Advisor: Research Assistant Professor Nita Lewis Miller, Department of Operations Research, Second Reader: Associate Professor Thomas W. Lucas.

DOHENEY, SHAUN W., Capt. US Marine Corps, "Sleep Logistics as a Force Multiplier: An Analysis of Reported Fatigue Factors from Southwest Asia Warfighters" MS in Operations Research, September 2004, Advisor: Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller, Department of Operations Research, Second Reader: Professor Lyn R. Whitaker.

OSBORN, CHRISTOPHER M., LT, US Navy, "An Analysis of the Effectiveness of a New Watchstanding Schedule for U.S. Submarines" MS in Operations Research, September 2004, Advisor: Research Assistant Professor Nita Lewis Miller, Department of Operations Research, Co-Advisor: Research Assistant Professor J. Jeffrey Crowson, Second Reader: Professor Lyn R. Whitaker.

BROWN, ERIC L., Captain US Army, "The Effects of Fatigue on Position Determination and Cognitive Workload Using a Visual and 3-Dimensional Auditory Display," MS in Operations Research, June 2004, Advisor: Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller, Department of Operations Research, Second Reader: Assistant Professor Eugene P. Paulo, LTC USA, Department of Operations Research.

KENNEY, AILEEN, Ensign, US Naval Reserve and NEVEROSKY, DANIEL, Ensign US Naval Reserve "Quantifying Sleep and Performance of West Point Cadets: A Baseline Study", MS in Operations Research, June 2004, Advisor: Research Assistant Professor Nita Lewis Miller, Department of Operations Research, Second Reader: Associate Professor Lyn R. Whitaker, Department of Operations Research.

SAWYER, TIFFONEY L, Ensign US Naval Reserve, "The Effects of Reversing Sleep-Wake cycles on Mood States, Sleep, and Fatigue on the Crew of the USS John C. Stennis", MS in Operations Research, June 2004, Advisor: Research Assistant Professor Nita Lewis Miller, Department of Operations Research, Second Reader: Assistant Professor Laura A. Barton, LCDR USN, Department of Operations Research.

BALDUS, BRIAN R., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, "Sleep Patterns in U.S. Navy Recruits:  An Assessment of the Impact of Changing Sleep Regimens," MS in Operations Research, September 2002, Advisor:  Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller, Department of Operations Research, Second Reader:  Associate Professor Lyn R. Whitaker, Department of Operations Research.

GAMBOA, DIONISIO S., Lieutenant Commander , U.S. Navy, "An Analysis of the Effects of Environment and Career Longevity on the Sleep Patterns of Enlisted U.S. Navy Submariners," MS in Operations Research, September 2002, Advisor:  Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller, Department of Operations Research, Second Reader:  Assistant Professor Jeffrey Crowson, Department of Operations Research.

NGUYEN, JOHN L., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, "The Effects of Reversing Sleep-Wake Cycles on Sleep and Fatigue on the Crew of USS John C. Stennis, " MS in Operations Research, September 2002, Advisor:  Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller, Department of Operations Research, Second Reader:  Associate Professor Samuel E. Buttrey, Department of Operations Research.

PERRYMAN, THEODORE M., Major , U.S. Army, "Applying Industrial Design Best Practices in the Development of Soldier Equipment," MS in Systems Management, March 2002, Advisor:  Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller, Department of Operations Research, Associate Advisor:  Professor Susan Sanchez, Department of Operations Research.

BLASSINGAME, SIMONIA RIDLEY, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, "Use of Nonparametric Statistics to Evaluate Self Reports of Fatigue From a Sub-Sample of The US Navy Submarine Force," MS in Operations Research, September 2001, Advisor:  Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller. Second Reader:  Assistant Professor Robert Koyak.

CO-ADVISOR

Aldridge, Emily, "Analysis of Marine Corps Embassy Security Guard annual sleep survey," Master's Thesis, Master of Science in Operations Research, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2016.

MATSANGAS, PANAGIOTIS G., Lieutenant, Hellenic Navy, "A linear physiological visual-vestibular interaction model for the prediction of motion sickness incidence," MS in Operations Research and MS in Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation, September 2004. Advisor: Dr. Michael E. McCauley; Thesis Co-Advisor: Dr. Nita Lewis-Miller.

O'CONNOR, MAUREEN J., Major U.S. Army, and PATILLO, PAUL, L., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, "Reengineering Human Performance and Fatigue Research Through Use of Physiological Monitoring Devices, Web-Based and Mobile Device Data Collection Methods, and Integrated Storage Techniques", MS in Information Technology Management, December 2003, Advisor: Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller, Department of Operations Research, Co-Advisor: Professor Thomas J. Housel, Department of Information Science.

BARSNICK, AMY L., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, "Modeling Human Elements in Decision Making,"  MS in Operations Research, June 2002, Co-Advisors:  Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller and LTC Saverio M. Manago, USA, Department of Operations Research.  Second Reader:  MAJ Matt Chesney, USA.

Therrien, Sakura S., "A Bayesian model to incorporate human factors in Commander's decision making," Master's Thesis, Master of Science in Operations Research, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2002.

SAN JOSE, ANGEL, Lieutenant Commander, Spanish Navy, "Analysis, Design, Implementation and Evaluation of Graphical Design Tool to Develop Discrete Event Simulation Models Using Event Graphs and Simkit," MS in Operations Research, September 2001, Co-Advisors:  Assistant Professor Arnold H. Buss and Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller, Department of Operations Research.  Second Reader:  Professor Gordon Bradley, Department of Operations Research.

HERNANDEZ, ALISON, E., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, "Organizational Climate and Its Relationship with Aviation Maintenance Safety," MS in Operations Research, June 2001, Co-Advisors:  Assistant Professor Samuel E. Buttrey and Research Assistant Professor Nita L. Miller, Department of Operations Research.  Second Reader:  John K. Schmidt. 

SECOND READER

Matsumoto, Dennielle M. "A capabilities based assessment of the United States Air Force Critical Care Air Transport team," Master's Thesis, Master of Science in Human Systems Integration, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2013.

Davey, James D., Effects of sleep deprivation on U.S. Navy watchstander performance onboard the independence class Littoral Combat Ship (LCS- 2) , M.S. in Human Systems Integration, September 2013

JORDAN, JOHN D., Major, USMC, "Improving the enhanced company operations fire support team," MS in Operations Research, June 2011, Advisor: Thomas Lucas, Second Reader: Nita Lewis Shattuck.

COWAN, SHAWN R., "A Human Systems Integration Perspective to Evaluating Naval Aviation Mishaps and Developing Intervention Strategies," MS in Human Systems Integration, December 2009, Advisor: Paul E. O'Connor, Second Reader: Nita Lewis Miller.

LANG, JEANINE A. and MCLAUGHLIN, PAMELA F. LT, US NAVY, "Analysis of the Integrated Defense Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Life CycleManagement Framework for Human Systems Integration Documentation," MS in Human Systems Integration, December 2009, Advisor: Lawrence G. Shattuck, Second Reader: Nita Lewis Miller.

HALL, DANIEL SHANE, "RAPTOR: An Empirical Evaluation of an Ecological Interface Designed to Increase Warfighter Cognitive Performance", MS In Human Systems Integration, June 2009, Advisor: Lawrence G. Shattuck, Second Reader: Nita Lewis Miller.

CASSIDY, ANDREA M. LT US NAVY, "Mental Models, Trust, and Reliance: Exploring the Effect of Human Perceptions on Automation Use," MS in Human Systems Integration, June 2009. Advisor: Lawrence G. Shattuck, Second Reader: Nita L. Miller.

Colebank, Jayson L., Automated intelligent agents are they trusted members of military teams? M.S. in Human Systems Integration, December 2008

HANNEN, TIMOTHY W., LT US Navy, "The Effect of Personality Style and Team Organization on Team Performance", MS in Human Systems Integration, December 2007, Advisor: Lawrence Shattuck, Second Reader: Nita Lewis Miller.

CHARCHAN, SHAWN, Captain, United States Marine Corps, "Promoting Mission Success for the USMC Distributed Operations Squad Through Efficient Equipment Selection", MS in Operations Research, September 2006, Advisor: Major Paul L. Ewing, Second Reader: Nita Lewis Miller, Ph.D.

Calvert, John J., "Motion sickness, crew performance, and reduced manning in high-speed vessel operations," Master's Thesis, Master of Science in Human Systems Integration, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2005.

DOUANGAPHAIVONG, THAVEEPHONE NMN, LT, US NAVY, "Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Manpower Requirements Analysis", September 2004, Co-Advisors: Gregory V. Cox and CDR William D. Hatch, II; Second Reader: Nita Lewis Miller.

Kenyon Yonkers, Shonee, L., "An analysis of Anam Readiness Evaluation System (ARES) as a predictor of performance degradation induced by sleep deprivation in Officer Indoctrination School (OIS) students," Master's Thesis, Master of Science in Operations Research, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2004.