Maritime Information Exchange
and its allies consider excellent situation awareness about the maritime domain
vital to national security. The arena of Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA)
focuses primarily on tracking vessels, people, and cargo as they move through
waterways and transit facilities such as ports and particular businesses. While
many different systems, belonging to many different agencies, participate in
collecting and assessing observations about these entities, there has not been
an agreed way to model and describe this information so collaborators could
exchange, understand and incrementally improve it. The MIEM provides just such
a model. The MIEM is a conceptual model manifest in an XML schema that
prescribes how to describe and represent dynamic maritime situations, to
express degree of belief and lines of evidence, and to build up comprehensive
case files that both machines and humans can understand. The MIEM has been
accepted as the authoritative MDA model throughout the Federal Government,
being adopted both by the Navy and DHS as part of the National Information
Exchange Model (NIEM). The MIEM grew out of the work on Rich
Semantic Track (RST).
Dwyer, C., F. Hayes-Roth, et
al. (2010). "A Maritime Information Exchange Model (MIEM) for
Sharing Actionable Intelligence." 2009 NRL Review (pp. 169-171).
J. D. Bultman (editor).
DC, Naval Research Laboratory. This article was one
of only five selected for an NRL Review award.
Hayes-Roth, F. (2009). “The
National and International ‘Information Sharing Problem’: Using XML to Enable
Conceptual Modeling, Sharing and Collaboration of ‘Business Documents’.”
Presentation to commercial XML database vendor, October 10, 2009.
Hayes-Roth, F. and C. Blais (2006). " Information
modeling style for belief structures." Notes
for developers and information modelers. NPS,
Hayes-Roth, F. and C. Blais (2007). A
Pragmatic Foundation for Defining a Rich Semantic Model of "Track".
Ontology for the Intelligence Community (OIC-2007): Towards Effective
Exploitation and Integration of Intelligence Resources,
Hayes-Roth, F. and C. Blais (2008). "A Rich Semantic Model of
Track as a Foundation for Sharing Beliefs Regarding Dynamic Objects and
Events." Intelligent Decision
Hayes-Roth, F., and D. Reading (2008). "Maritime Information
Exchange Model (MIEM)." This overview brief has been given to many
audiences. Speaker notes included. (ppt here)
Hayes-Roth, F., D.
G. Small (2008). Maritime Information Exchange Model (MIEM) User Guide.
Naval Research Laboratory, Space Systems Development Department. SSD-D-CMA313. Contact MIEM_info@kingcrab.nrl.navy.mil for a copy.